Management and Financial Audit of the Deposit Beverage Container Program, June 30, 2012
Report No. 13-08, November 2013
Mismanagement of the Deposit Beverage Container Program puts its continued operation at risk
Unaddressed program ﬂaws result in millions of dollars in overpayments and undermine ﬁnancial sustainability
From Hawaii State Auditor November, 2013
This is our fourth audit of the Deposit Beverage Container (DBC) Program. As in our previous audits, we found that the program relies on self-reported data from distributors who may be fraudulently or erroneously under-reporting beverage containers sold or distributed, and certiﬁed redemption centers that may be fraudulently or erroneously over-reporting beverage containers redeemed. This ﬂaw, coupled with an absence of a detailed audit function, exposes the program to abuse and risk of fraud, which threaten the ﬁnancial sustainability of the program. For example, from FY2010 through FY2012, the DBC Program paid $6.2 million in deposit refunds for almost 7.5 million pounds of materials that cannot be accounted for. As a result of these and other inefﬁciencies, over the past three ﬁscal years, the program has paid out $28 million more in handling fees than it has collected in container fees, contributing to a steady increase in fund expenditures.
The Department of Health, which administers the DBC Program, has been aware of these systemic weaknesses for some time. As early as 2006 it proposed switching to a “back-end” payment system, which would address many of these issues. Paying redemption centers on the back-end means reimbursing them for the number of containers shipped to end-user recyclers instead of the number that they claim to receive from customers. (Under the current system, these claims are not validated.) Implementing such a change would require amending the program’s administrative rules. We found that the program’s deputy attorney general prepared draft amendments in June 2012; but, according to department ofﬁcials, as of June 2013, moving to a back-end payment system is still under consideration.
Inattention to basic management functions exacerbates program’s inability to prevent fraud and abuse
The DBC Program lacks adequate management to effectively and efﬁciently guide its enforcement functions and payment process. For instance, management has not addressed inappropriate position descriptions for program inspectors, in place since the program’s inception more than a decade ago. This misalignment of qualiﬁcations with actual job duties has led to a high turnover rate of program inspectors, who, between FY2008 and FY2012, had an average length of employment of only 16 months. Currently, all four of the program’s inspector positions are vacant, with one ﬁlled by an 89-day hire on an interim basis. In addition, management relies on a single person to issue and approve more than $54 million in payments to redemption centers statewide. The program manager recognizes the risks associated with this assignment of duties but has only recently begun to approve requests for additional accounting support. When we asked why he does not perform various management functions, the program manager stated that he lacked the time to do so. He said that he serves as a “ﬁ re ﬁghter” for the program and spends his time ﬁxing problems.
In its response to our draft report, the department objected to our ﬁnding that “Inattention to basic management functions exacerbates program’s inability to prevent fraud and abuse.” It expressed appreciation and support for the current program manager, who is responsible for the day-to-day management of the program, describing him as a valued and hard-working employee. However, the department did not provide any additional information to dispute this or any other of our ﬁndings. The department did provide speciﬁc comments on the 13 recommendations we made in the draft report. Judging by the recent actions undertaken by management as described in its response, the department appears to be in general agreement with our conclusions and recommendations.
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