Friday, June 05, 2020
Hawai'i Free Press

Current Articles | Archives

Monday, February 03, 2014
DOE reports on school year and instructional time
By News Release @ 8:30 PM :: 2969 Views :: Education K-12, Hawaii Statistics

DOE reports on school year and instructional time

News Release from DoE 31-Jan-2014

HONOLULU – The Hawaii State Department of Education (DOE) this afternoon provided its 2014 report on School Year and Instructional Time before a joint legislative education committee hearing.

Act 167 and Act 52 define student instructional hours as "... student learning time during which students are engaged in learning activities including regularly-scheduled instruction and learning assessments within the curriculum, and does not include lunch, recess, or passing time.”

The amended law (Hawaii Revised Statutes 302A-251) calls for schools to meet 990 hours of “student learning time” per school year, increasing to 1080 hours and 1146 hours in successive years.

School Year

Grade span



Total Hours

Total Mins
(#hours X 60)

(total mins/36 weeks)








14-15, 15-16







14-15, 15-16







16-17, 17-18














All Hawaii public schools must establish school schedules (including teacher work year, teacher schedule, and bell schedules) that comply with student instructional hours and school year requirements under Hawaii Revised Statutes 302A-251 and the 2013-17 HSTA Collective Bargaining Agreement.

Compliance with school schedule requirements is a shared responsibility. School leaders and staff are responsible for developing a school schedule according to the process outlined in the Hawaii State Teachers Association (HSTA) collective bargaining agreement. Complex Area Superintendents and staff are responsible for supporting schools’ efforts to ensure compliance. The State Office is responsible for setting clear expectations for compliance, providing information and guidance to support schools’ efforts, monitoring compliance, and reporting annually to the legislature on progress.

“Hawaii’s public education system has made great gains in recent years, in part due to a focus on higher expectations, increased support, and student results,” stated Deputy Superintendent Ronn Nozoe. “Equity and balance ensures the quality of the instructional time in our schools. Both are needed for successful scheduling and education improvement.”

In the summer of 2013, the DOE convened a Task Force on School Schedules to develop the required Optional Model Bell Schedules. The report includes the group’s work and highlights the following findings:

  • National research on student learning time indicates Hawaii policies are near the national average.
  • The Department has vastly improved its capacity to support and monitor compliance.
  • The Department and its schools have made significant progress and effort to comply with the requirements of Act 167/Act 52.
  • The important focus that Act 167/Act 52 have brought to the issue of minimum equity of learning time for students must be balanced with a focus on quality use of time and student results.
  • Development of optional model bell schedules for SY2014-15 has highlighted concerns about the feasibility of complying with continuously increasing requirements without unintended negative consequences on teaching and learning.

The report also makes the recommendation that the Legislature reconsider planned increases in minimal instructional hours; clarify the definition of student learning time to eliminate confusion and reduce burden; and provide additional funding to schools.

“I’m confident we will do everything that needs to be done to reach the 990 instructional hours, but it will be very challenging for schools,” added Nozoe.

View the 2014 Report on School Year and Instructional Time on the DOE website >>> LINK

Prior to the briefing DOE officials testified before the Senate Education committee on SB 2139, which would require all public secondary schools to implement a school year that includes 990 hours beginning with the 2014-15 school year and repeals the requirement that by the 2016-2018 school years, all public schools implement a school year of 180 days and 1,080 student instructional hours for both elementary and secondary school grade. The DOE supported this measure.

"It's about systems of support, contact time with students, and how we collaborate when we're not with the students that really matter,” said Mililani High School Principal Fred Murphy. “To think about them in isolation is dangerous. It's about the quality of instructional time.”

The DOE offered comments to SB 2922, which proposes to extend the school year by 10 days from the current 180 to 190 days, beginning with the 2015-16 school year. The measure also seeks to repeal the minimal instructional-hour requirements beginning with the 2014-15 school year.

In response to the question of cost that SB 2922 would create, State Schools Superintendent Kathryn Matayoshi said, ”Our best estimate is that these additional days would cost the department close to $6 million. That figure includes salary, utility, maintenance and other operational costs.”

Since the 2011-12 School Year, the school calendar has been 180 days. In previous years, it has been between 178 and 180 days, except during state-enacted furloughs in 2009-10, when the school year dipped to 163 days.

Any change, as the bill proposes, would require a change to the current collective bargaining agreement with the HSTA, which runs through 2017.

The Hawaii State Department of Education is the ninth largest U.S. school district and the only statewide educational system in the country. It is comprised of 288 schools and serves more than 185,000 students. To learn more about the Department, its goals and vision for success, visit


Link DoE Legislative reports


TEXT "follow HawaiiFreePress" to 40404

Register to Vote


808 Silent Majority

808 State Update AM940


ACA Signups Hawaii



Alliance Defending Freedom

Aloha Life Advocates

Aloha Pregnancy Care Center

American Council of Trustees and Alumni

American Mothers of Hawaii



Antonio Gramsci Reading List

A Place for Women in Waipio

Astronomy Hawaii

Audit The Rail

Ballotpedia Hawaii

Better Hawaii 

Blaisdell Memorial Project

Broken Trust 

Build More Hawaiian Homes Working Group

CAFR Hawaii

Castaway Conservative

Children's Alliance Hawaii

Children's Rights Institute

Christian Homeschoolers of Hawaii

Citizens for Recall

Cliff Slater's Second Opinion

Coffee Break

CSIS Pacific Forum

DAR Hawaii

DVids Hawaii

E Hana Kakou Kelii Akina

E Māua Ola i Moku o Keawe

Farmers For Choice Hawaii


Fix Oahu!

Follow the Money Hawaii

Frank in Hawaii

Front Page Magazine

Frontline: The Fixers

Genetic Literacy Project

Get Off Your Butts!

God, Freedom, America

Grassroot Institute

Hawaii Aganst Assisted Suicide

Hawaii Aquarium Fish Report

Hawaii Aviation Preservation Society

Hawaii Catholic TV

Hawaii Christian Coalition

Hawaii Cigar Association

Hawaii Coalition Against Legalized Gambling

Hawaii ConCon Info

Hawaii Credit Union Watch

Hawaii Crime Victims' Rights

Hawaii Crop Improvement Association

Hawaii Debt Clock

Hawaii Defending Marriage

Hawaii Defense Foundation

Hawaii Families for Educational Choice

Hawaii Family Advocates

Hawaii Family Forum

Hawaii Farmers and Ranchers United

Hawaii Farmer's Daughter

Hawaii Federalist Society

Hawaii Federation of Republican Women

Hawaii Firearm Community

Hawaii Fishermen's Alliance

Hawaii Future Project

Hawaii Gathering of Eagles

Hawaii History Blog

Hawaii Homeschool Association

Hawaii Jihadi Trial

Hawaii March for Life

Hawaii Meth Project

Hawaii's Partnership for Appropriate & Compassionate Care

Hawaii Public Charter School Network

Hawaii Rifle Association

Hawaii Right to Life -- Big Island

Hawaii Right to Life -- Oahu

Hawaii Shield Law Coalition

Hawaii Shippers Council

Hawaii Smokers Alliance

Hawaii State Data Lab

Hawaii Together

Heritage Foundation

HI Coalition Against Legalized Gambling



Hiram Fong Papers

Homeschool Legal Defense Hawaii

Honolulu Homeless Crisis

Honolulu Navy League

Honolulu Traffic

Horns of Jericho Blog

House Minority Blog

House Republican Caucus YouTube


Hump Day Report

I Vote Hawaii

If Hawaii News

Imua TMT

Inouye-Kwock, NYT 1992

Inside the Nature Conservancy

Inverse Condemnation

Investigative Project on Terrorism

Iowa Meets Maui

Jackson v Abercrombie

Jihad Watch

July 4 in Hawaii

Kahle v New Hope

Kakaako Cares

Kau TEA Party

Kauai Co GOP

Keep Hawaii's Heroes


Land and Power in Hawaii

Legislative Committee Analysis Tool

Lessons in Firearm Education

Lingle Years

Malulani Foundation

Managed Care Matters -- Hawaii

Malama Pregnancy Center of Maui

Mauna Kea Recreational Users Group

Middle East Forum--The Legal Project

Mililani Conservatives for Change

Military Home Educators' Network Oahu

Missile Defense Advocacy

MIS Veterans Hawaii

Muslim Brotherhood in America

NAMI Hawaii


National Christian Foundation Hawaii

National Parents Org Hawaii

National Wind Watch

New Zeal

NFIB Hawaii News

No GMO Means No Aloha

Northwest Economic Policy Seminar

Not Dead Yet, Hawaii

Now What I Really Think

NRA-ILA Hawaii

Oahu Alternative Transport

ObamaCare Abortion Hawaii


OHA Lies

Opt Out Today

Pacific Aviation Museum

Patients Rights Council Hawaii

PEACE Hawaii

People vs Machine

Pritchett Cartoons 

Pro-GMO Hawaii


Rental by Owner Awareness Assn

Republican Party -- Hawaii State

Research Institute for Hawaii USA

Rick Hamada Show

RJ Rummel

Robotics Organizing Committee

Save Dillingham Airfield

School Choice in Hawaii

SIFE Remington

SIFE W. Oahu 

Sink the Jones Act

Smart About Marijuana--Hawaii

St Marianne Cope

State Budget Solutions Hawaii

State Policy Network

Statehood for Guam

Tax Foundation of Hawaii

The Harriet Tubman Agenda

The Long War Journal

The Real Hanabusa

Time Out Honolulu

Trustee Akina KWO Columns

Truth About Trade & Technology - Hawaii

UCC Truths

Union Members Know Your Rights

US Tax Foundation Hawaii Info

Valor in the Pacific

VAREP Honolulu

West Maui Taxpayers Association

What Natalie Thinks

Whole Life Hawaii