Wireless Tax Burdens Rise for the Second Straight Year in 2016
by Scott Mackey, Joseph Henchman, Tax Foundation
FISCAL FACT no. 530: Wireless Tax Burdens Rise for the Second Straight Year in 2016 (PDF)
Taxes and fees on wireless consumers increased to a record high 18.6% of the average U.S. customer’s monthly bill. In just two years, the average wireless tax burden has increased by 1.5 percentage points, and wireless taxes are now 4.5 percentage points higher than they were ten years ago. A typical American household with four wireless phones paying $100 per month for wireless voice service is now paying nearly $225 per year in taxes, fees, and government surcharges.
Wireless industry competition has led to significant reductions in average monthly bills from $46.44 per month in 2015 to $44.65 in 2016. Since 2008, average monthly bills have dropped from just under $50 per month to $44.65 per month – an 11% reduction – while taxes and fees have increased from 15.1% to 18.6% – a 23% increase. Unfortunately, consumers are not enjoying the full benefit of these price reductions because of the growing tax burden on wireless service. Taxes are growing at a rate twice as fast as average wireless prices have been falling.
Once again, consumers in the state of Washington pay the highest wireless taxes in the country, with total taxes and fees again adding more than 25% to the bill. Nebraska, New York, Illinois, and Pennsylvania round out the “top five” states with high wireless taxes. Oregon, Nevada, and Idaho customers continue to enjoy the lowest wireless taxes and fees in the country.
Wireless consumers pay an estimated $17.2 billion in taxes, fees, and government surcharges. They break down as follows:
- $7.0 billion in sales taxes and other non-discriminatory broad-based consumption taxes
- $5.1 billion in federal Universal Service Fund (FUSF) surcharges
- $2.5 billion in 911 fees
- $2.6 billion in other discriminatory state and local taxes, fees, and surcharges
In recent years, increases in the federal USF charge were the largest drivers of rising wireless taxes and fees. This year, however, state and local taxes and fees increased significantly faster that the federal USF surcharge.
Wireless service is increasingly the sole means of communication and connectivity for many Americans, particularly those with lower incomes. At the end of 2015, according to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 64% of all poor adults had only wireless service and more than 48% of all adults of all incomes were wireless only. Excessive taxes and fees, especially regressive per-line taxes, impose a disproportionate burden on low-income consumers.
7.68% -- 2016 Wireless State-Local Rate
6.64% -- 2016 Federal USF Rate
14.32% -- 2016 Combined Federal/State/Local Rate
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