Supreme Court Allows Travel Ban To Take Effect
by Kevin Daley, The Daily Caller, June 26, 2017
The Supreme Court announced Monday that it will review lower court rulings blocking enforcement of President Donald Trump’s executive order on refugee and migrant entry, and stayed injunctions barring the order’s enforcement.
The announcement is a major victory for the president, whose signature immigration policy has been stymied repeatedly by the federal courts.
The justices consolidated two travel ban cases from the 4th and 9th Circuits, and scheduled oral arguments for the first session of the Court’s next term, which begins in October. They also partially vacated several lower court injunctions barring enforcement of the order’s travel ban provision, which prohibits the entry of foreign nationals from six countries with high instances of terrorism for a 90-day period.
“We grant the government’s applications to stay the injunctions, to the extent the injunctions prevent enforcement of 2(c) with respect to foreign nationals who lack any bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States.”
Two classes of foreign national from the six countries named in the order may still enter the United States; aliens with relatives in America, or individuals with a meaningful connection to corporate entities and educational institutions in the United States will not be affected by the order.
“To prevent the government from pursuing that objective by enforcing 2(c) against foreign nationals unconnected to the United States would appreciably injure its interests, without alleviating obvious hardship to anyone else,” the Court wrote.
The Court also will allow the order’s provisions concerning refugee resettlement to take effect, with the same exceptions it provided for the travel ban. The directive reduces the number of refugees the United States will accept from 110,000 to 50,000, and denies refugee entry for 120 days.
As such, most of the president’s order will take effect within the next few days.
Justice Clarence Thomas wrote an opinion concurring and dissenting in part with the Court’s decision, joined by Justices Samuel Alito and Neil Gorsuch. Thomas argued the stays should be issued in full, without exception. He writes:
I fear that the Court’s remedy will prove unworkable. Today’s compromise will burden executive officials with the task of deciding—on peril of contempt— whether individuals from the six affected nations who wish to enter the United States have a sufficient connection to a person or entity in this country. See ante, at 11– 12. The compromise also will invite a flood of litigation until this case is finally resolved on the merits, as parties and courts struggle to determine what exactly constitutes a “bona fide relationship,” who precisely has a “credible claim” to that relationship, and whether the claimed relationship was formed ‘simply to avoid §2(c)’ of [the] Executive Order.
The National Immigration Law Center, an immigrant advocacy group litigating against the order, vowed to continue their fight against the travel restrictions.
“Today’s unanimous Supreme Court decision is a clear victory for our national security,” the president said. “It allows the travel suspension for the six terror-prone countries and the refugee suspension to become largely effective.”
“My number one responsibility as Commander in Chief is to keep the American people safe,” he added. “Today’s ruling allows me to use an important tool for protecting our Nation’s homeland. I am also particularly gratified that the Supreme Court’s decision was 9-0.”
It is not immediately clear that the ruling was unanimous. The Court issued its decision unsigned, and did not include a tally of the justice’s votes, as is typical of per curiam opinions. Five votes were needed to issue the stays, and four to review the lower court rulings. Given Thomas’ opinion dissenting as to the scope of the stay, it is safe to say there was a high degree of consensus — if Thomas, Alito, and Gorsuch supported a broader stay, then at least five of the other six justices supported the stay the Court tailored. However, one cannot definitively say it was unanimous.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions expressed confidence that the high court would ultimately uphold the legality of the president’s order.
“Through Article II of the Constitution, the founders of our country vested the Executive Branch with a great responsibility: to ensure the national security of our country,” he said. “I am committed to defending the President’s ability to exercise that responsibility and the Department of Justice is confident that the United States Supreme Court will uphold this constitutional and necessary executive order.”
* * * * *
HRP Statement on SCOTUS Decision
News Releaser from Hawaii Republican Party, June 26, 2017
Today, the nine Justices of the United States Supreme Court unanimously agreed that President Trump’s executive order restricting travel and immigration should be allowed to go into effect, affirming the President’s statutory and constitutional authority to protect our national security. The order, which targeted six countries identified by the Obama Administration as known havens for terrorist groups, was challenged by multiple Democrat Attorneys General, but today’s ruling makes it clear that President Trump—and not Doug Chin—was on the right side of Constitutional Law.
We, at the Hawaii Republican Party, are grateful to the honorable Supreme Court Justices, who recognized and stressed the government’s compelling need to provide for the nation’s security. And we are grateful to President Trump for once again fulfilling a campaign promise and taking swift and decisive action to keep our country and citizens safe. It is unfortunate that such courts as the Ninth Circuit are perches for activist judges that seek to legislate from the bench. Such actions place all of our lives at risk for the purpose of political maneuvering, but we, as Americans, are profoundly fortunate to have an institution like SCOTUS as the final safeguard for the rule of law.
The Trump Administration is now free to move forward with rational and necessary steps to protect our country against those wishing to enter for the purpose of harming our citizens. The United States Supreme Court has clearly affirmed the President’s constitutional authority to protect our nation’s borders, and President Trump can now fulfill a promise he made to the American people. This is a victory not just for President Trump but for every man, woman and child in America.
Chairman, Hawaii Republican Party
* * * * *
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT CONTINUES TO BLOCK TRAVEL AND REFUGEE BANS FOR PEOPLE WITH CONNECTION TO THE UNITED STATES
News Release from Office of the Attorney General, June 26, 2017
HONOLULU – This morning the United States Supreme Court denied in part and granted in part the Trump Administration’s request to stay the injunctions issued against the travel and refugee bans by the Fourth and Ninth Circuit Courts of Appeal. The travel ban and refugee ban remain blocked and will not go into effect for people with a “bona fide” connection to the United States. If it had gone fully into effect, the travel ban would have prevented nationals of six Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States for 90 days, and the refugee ban would have prevented all refugees from any country from entering the United States for 120 days.
In the same order, the Court also granted discretionary review (called certiorari) to hear arguments regarding the underlying merits of the lower court decisions. These arguments will be focused on the substantive issues considered by both the Fourth and Ninth Circuits, including whether the travel and refugee bans exceeded the Trump Administration's authority under the Immigration and Nationality Act and whether the Executive Order violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
Attorney General Chin said, “The important thing is that by a vote of 6-3, today’s order continues to block implementation of the travel and refugee bans for people with a connection to the United States. This means people such as students accepted to the University of Hawaii and Dr. Elshikh’s family may still enter the country. Immigration into the United States should not be restricted due to religion or national origin.”
Oral arguments are scheduled before the United States Supreme Court in Washington, D.C. during October 2017. Briefing will take place over the summer.
A copy of today’s Supreme Court order is attached.
PDF: Supreme Court Order
* * * * *