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Thursday, May 24, 2012
Hawaii had the Sixth Lowest Rate of Injury Deaths in U.S.
By News Release @ 9:28 PM :: 3623 Views :: Energy, Environment

Washington, D.C., May 22, 2012 - In a new report, The Facts Hurt: A State-By-State Injury Prevention Policy Report, Hawaii had the sixth lowest rate of injury-related deaths for Americans with 48.3 per 100,000 people suffering injury fatalities. Overall, the national rate is 57.9 per 100,000. The total lifetime medical costs due to fatal injury in Hawaii were $6.4 million.

The Facts Hurt report, released today by the Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), concludes that millions of injuries could be prevented each year if more states adopted additional research-based injury prevention policies, and if programs were fully implemented and enforced. TFAH and RWJF worked with a committee of top injury prevention experts from the Safe States Alliance and the Society for the Advancement of Violence and Injury Prevention (SAVIR) to develop a set of indicators of leading evidence-based strategies that have been shown to reduce injuries and save lives.

Hawaii scored seven out of 10 on key indicators of steps states can take to prevent injuries – nationally, 24 states scored a five or lower. Two states, California and New York, received the highest score of nine out of a possible 10, while two states scored the lowest, Montana and Ohio, with two out of 10.

No.

Indicator

Hawaii

Number of States Receiving Points

A "Y" means the state received a point for that indicator

1

Seat Belts: Have primary seat belt laws.
Source: Governors Highway Safety Association

Y

32 and Washington D.C.

2

Drunk Driving: Mandatory ignition interlocks for all convicted drunk drivers, even first offenders.
Source: Governors Highway Safety Association

Y

16

3

Motorcycle Helmets: Universal helmet law requiring helmets for all riders.
Source: Governors Highway Safety Association

 

19 and Washington D.C.

4

Booster Seats: Meet AAP standards -- require booster seats to at least the age of eight.
Source: AAP 2011 State Legislation Report

Y

33 and Washington D.C.

5

Bicycle Helmet Use: Require bicycle helmets for all children.
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics, 2011 State Legislation Report

Y

21 and Washington D.C.

6

Intimate Partner Violence: Allow people in dating relationships to get protection orders.
Source: Break the Cycle, 2010 Survey of Teen Dating Violence Laws

Y

44 and Washington D.C.

7

Teen Dating Violence: Receive an "A" in the Break the Cycle Report.
Source: Break the Cycle, 2010 Survey of Teen Dating Violence Laws

 

6 and Washington D.C.

8

Concussions: Have a strong concussion law.
Source: Momsteam.com and the Network for Public Health Law

 

37 and Washington D.C.

9

Accidental Prescription Drug Overdose or Use: Have active prescription drug monitoring program.
Source: Alliance of States with Prescription Monitoring Programs

Y

48

10

Ecodes: More than 90 percent of injury discharges of patients of emergency departments received external cause of injury codes, which help researchers track trends and develop prevention strategies.
Source: HCUP E Code Evaluation Addendum - Updated Information for 2009, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Y

23

Total

Seven

 

Injuries – including those caused by accidents and violence – are the third leading cause of death nationally, and they are the leading cause of death for Americans between the ages of one and 44.

Approximately 50 million Americans are medically treated for injuries each year, and more than 2.8 million are hospitalized. Nearly 12,000 children and teens die from injuries each year and around 9.2 million are treated in emergency rooms. Every year, injuries generate $406 billion in lifetime costs for medical care and lost productivity.

"There are proven, evidence-based strategies that can spare millions of Americans from injuries each year," said Jeff Levi, PhD, Executive Director of TFAH. "This report focuses on specific, scientifically supported steps we can take to make it easier for Americans to keep themselves and their families safer."

The report found that many injury prevention activities have been scientifically shown to reduce harm and deaths, for instance:

  • Seat belts saved an estimated 69,000 lives from 2006 to 2010
  • Motorcycle helmets saved an estimated 8,000 lives from 2005 to 2009
  • Child safety seats saved around 1,800 lives from 2005 to 2009
  • The number of children and teens killed in motor vehicle crashes dropped 41 percent from 2000 to 2009 and
  • School-based programs to prevent violence have cut violent behavior among high school students by 29 percent

The report also identified a set of emerging new injury threats, including a dramatic, fast rise in prescription drug abuse, concussions in school sports, bullying, crashes from texting while driving and an expected increase in the number in falls as the Baby Boomer generation ages.

"Seat belts, helmets, drunk driving laws and a range of other strong prevention policies and initiatives are reducing injury rates around the country," said Amber Williams, Executive Director of the Safe States Alliance. "However, we could dramatically bring down rates of injuries from motor vehicles, assaults, falls, fires and a range of other risks even more if more states adopted, enforced and implemented proven policies. Lack of national capacity and funding are major barriers to states adopting these and other policies."

"While tremendous progress has been made in preventing and treating injury, it remains a leading cause of death for people of all ages and the number one cause of death for children," said Dr. Andrea Gielen, past president of SAVIR and director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy. "Texting while driving, the increasing numbers of falls in older adults, domestic violence and the astonishing rise in misuse of prescription drugs mean we need to redouble our efforts to make safety research and policy a national priority."

The report was supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and is available on TFAH's website at http://www.healthyamericans.org.

Score Summary:

A full list of all of the indicators and scores, listed below, is available along with the full report on TFAH's web site at www.healthyamericans.org and RWJF's Web site at www.rwjf.org. For the state-by-state scoring, states received one point for achieving an indicator or zero points if they did not achieve the indicator. Zero is the lowest possible overall score, 10 is the highest. The data for the indicators are from a number of sources, including: the Governors Highway Safety Association; the American Academy of Pediatrics; Break the Cycle; the Network for Public Health Law; momsTeam.com; the Alliance of States with Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs; and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

9 out of 10: California and New York
8 out of 10: Maryland, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island and Washington
7 out of 10: Connecticut, Washington, D.C., Hawaii, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New Mexico and Tennessee
6 out of 10: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Nebraska, Virginia and Wisconsin
5 out of 10: Arkansas, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Vermont and West Virginia
4 out of 10: Michigan, Mississippi, Nevada, and New Hampshire
3 out of 10: Idaho, Kentucky, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota and Wyoming
2 out of 10: Montana and Ohio

STATE-BY-STATE INJURY DEATH RANKINGS

Note: Rates include all injury deaths for all ages, for injuries caused by accidents and violence (intentional and unintentional) 1 = Highest rate of injury fatalities, 51 = lowest rate of injury fatalities. Rankings are based on combining three years of data (2007-2009) from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System to "stabilize" data for comparison purposes. The data are age-adjusted using the year 2000 to standardize the data. This methodology, recommended by the CDC, compensates for any potential anomalies or usual changes due to the specific sample in any given year in any given state. The numbers are based on how many deaths per 100,000.

1. New Mexico (97.8); 2. Montana (86.5); 3. Alaska (85.8); 4. Wyoming (84.7); 5. Mississippi (84.3); 6. Oklahoma (83); 7. West Virginia (82.2); 8. Louisiana (80.1); 9. Arkansas (76.9) 10. (tie) Alabama and Kentucky (76.5); 12. Tennessee (75.6); 13. South Carolina (71.7); 14. Nevada (71.3); 15. Arizona (70.7); 16. Missouri (70.2); 17. Colorado (67.8); 18. Florida (66.8); 19. North Carolina (66); 20. Idaho (65.3); 21. Utah (64.8); 22. Georgia (61.4); 23. Vermont (61.3); 24. Oregon (61.2); 25. North Dakota (61.1); 26. South Dakota (60.7); 27. (tie) Indiana and Kansas (60.4); 29. Washington, D.C. (60.2); 30. Pennsylvania (59.4); 31. (tie) Maine and Wisconsin (58.7); 33. Texas (58.5); 34. Washington (58.1); 35. Delaware (56.9); 36. Michigan (56.8); 37. Maryland (56.1); 38. Ohio (55.9); 39. Virginia (53.4); 40. Iowa (52.5); 41. Nebraska (51.3); 42. Minnesota (51.2); 43. Rhode Island (50.4); 44. New Hampshire (50); 45. Illinois (48.7); 46. Hawaii (48.3); 47. Connecticut (47.9); 48. California (47.6); 49. Massachusetts (41.1); 50. New York (37.1); New Jersey (36.1).


Trust for America's Health is a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to saving lives by protecting the health of every community and working to make disease prevention a national priority. www.healthyamericans.org

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation focuses on the pressing health and health care issues facing our country. As the nation's largest philanthropy devoted exclusively to improving the health and health care of all Americans, the Foundation works with a diverse group of organizations and individuals to identify solutions and achieve comprehensive, meaningful and timely change. For more than 35 years the Foundation has brought experience, commitment, and a rigorous, balanced approach to the problems that affect the health and health care of those it serves. Helping Americans lead healthier lives and get the care they need--the Foundation expects to make a difference in our lifetime. For more information, visit www.rwjf.org.

The Safe States Alliance is a national, non-profit organization and professional association whose mission is to serve as the national voice in support of state and local injury and violence prevention professionals engaged in building a safer, healthier America.

SAVIR is a national professional organization dedicated to fostering excellence in the science of preventing and treating violence and injury. Our vision is a safer world through violence and injury research and its application to practice.

 

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