News Release from http://www.americashealthrankings.org/
Hawaii (2010) America’s Health Rankings®
- Overall Rank: 5
- Change: No change
- Determinants Rank: 6
- Outcomes Rank: 2
- Low rate of uninsured population
- High per capita public health funding
- Low rate of preventable hospitalizations
- Low rates of cancer deaths and cardiovascular deaths
- Low immunization coverage
- High incidence of infectious disease
Hawaii is 5th this year, unchanged from 2009.
Strengths include a low prevalence of smoking at 15.3 percent of the population, a lower prevalence of obesity than other states at 22.9 percent of the population, low levels of air pollution at 6.7 micrograms of fine particulate per cubic meter, a low rate of uninsured population at 8.0 percent, strong public health funding at $235 per person, ready availability of primary care physicians with 148.5 primary care physicians per 100,000 population, few poor mental and physical health days per month at 2.6 days and 2.9 days, respectively, in the past thirty days, a low rate of preventable hospitalizations with 28.6 discharges per 1,000 Medicare enrollees and low rates of deaths from cancer and cardiovascular disease at 159.0 deaths and 220.0 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively.
Challenges include low immunization coverage with 86.1 percent of children ages 19 to 35 months receiving immunizations, a high incidence of infectious disease at 17.9 cases per 100,000 population and a high prevalence of binge drinking at 17.3 percent of the population.
- (DOWN) In the past year, the number of poor mental health days per month declined from 3.1 to 2.6 days in the previous 30 days.
- (UP) In the past five years, the percentage of children in poverty increased from 9.6 percent to 18.9 percent of persons under age 18.
- (UP) In the past ten years, the prevalence of obesity increased from 15.7 percent to 22.9 percent of the population.
- (DOWN) Since 1990, the prevalence of smoking decreased from 27.6 percent to 15.3 percent of the population.
In Hawaii, obesity is more prevalent among non-Hispanic whites at 19.0 percent than non-Hispanic Asians at 13.0 percent. The prevalence of diabetes also varies by race and ethnicity in the state; 4.5 percent of non-Hispanic whites have diabetes compared to 9.5 percent of non-Hispanic Asians.
State Health Department Website: www.hawaii.gov/health