Kiribati 'cooking something with China' - former Kiribati president
by Eleisha Foon, Radio New Zealand, July 13, 2022
Former Kiribati president Anote Tong suspects a major agreement is "cooking" between Beijing and Tarawa after the country's decision to quit the Pacific Islands Forum.
Kiribati President Taneti Maamau's "surprise" announcement to abandon its membership from the region's premier policy and political body at the 51st Forum Leaders' meeting this week has heightened concerns the Micronesian nation is moving closer to China.
"I know they are cooking something with China," Tong, who led the atoll islands from 2003 to 2016, said.
"I think it would have started with the reopening of the Phoenix Island Protected Area."
The Phoenix Islands Protected Area is the largest designated marine protected area in the world, spanning almost 400,000 sq km in the South Pacific Ocean, midway between Australia and Hawaii.
Sources have told RNZ Pacific that a possible deal may include exclusive access to Chinese vessels to the Protected Area.
Tong believed the move by the Maamau government suggested that it hoped to "gain from being isolated from the region" by striking a deal directly with China.
"It's totally unexpected. I did not think it was in our nature, in our character, to do something quite so radical like that," he said.
The Kiribati Government is under financial pressure due to the economic impacts of Covid-19 and the current drought.
"I know that the government is in a serious problem with the escalating budget which is not sustainable," Tong said.
He said it should not come as a surprise if the government was talking about a deal directly with the Chinese about the Phoenix Islands.
"I have seen expressions in the past in which the president [Maamau] confirmed China was going to assist in the development of Canton Islands ... a former US military base and it was in closer proximity to Hawaii. So, we are very strategically located," he said.
"It is the reason why Kiribati may have withdrawn from the Pacific Island Forum."
Meanwhile, Kiribati's opposition leader Tessie Lambourne is blaming Kiribati's decision to withdraw from the Forum on pressure exerted by China.
The former diplomat told the Guardian she was "shocked and extremely disappointed" by the government's move.
Lambourne said she believed the decision was influenced by China, and that the Maamau administration was weak, vulnerable and greatly indebted to Beijing.
She said someone seems to be telling the Kiribati government that the country doesn't need regional solidarity.
"I'm embarrassed because what we are saying is that we are not in the fold … we are outside," she told the Guardian.
"And why are we outside? I think it's us who keep ourselves out … because we are not engaged or engaging."
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